KECK INSTITUTE FOR SPACE STUDIES

       

Sensing Forest Water Dynamics from Space: Towards Predicting the Earth System Response to Droughts

October 14 - 18, 2019
California Institute of Technology - Pasadena, CA 91125

Workshop Overview:

In the last two decades, severe droughts and extreme climate events have caused widespread tree mortality across many forest biomes globally, causing profound effects on the function of ecosystems and their services in terms of water and carbon regulation of the Earth System.  Hot and dry conditions and increasing atmospheric demand for water from vegetation have been exceeding the capacity of the plants to pump water from soil to leaves, leading to the collapse of plant hydraulic systems.  Large-scale tree mortality and the concomitant shifts in the land carbon and energy balance are expected to lead to large biogeochemical and biophysical climatic feedbacks.  However,  process level understanding of tree mortality and quantification of the links between carbon and water fluxes and feedback mechanisms have been limited by the lack of vegetation measurements at tree to landscape scales. Spaceborne observation of water in forested vegetation will allow us to address challenging questions about the fate of forests under water and heat stress, including  impacts on carbon and water fluxes. 

The focus of this study is to greatly increase our current  capacity to understand and predict the response of forest ecosystems to droughts and links between water and carbon processes in the earth’s biosphere.  Our goal is to identify space-borne observational approaches, based on recent breakthroughs in remote sensing measurements of vegetation water content as well as related vegetation properties and ecosystem modelling.  Focusing on recent results from in-situ studies, satellite observations of large-scale water stress in forest ecosystems, and improvements in the  Earth System Models (ESM), the workshop will have the challenging task of identifying new measurement approaches and observational frameworks for future research programs and Earth Observing (EO) missions.

Monday, October 14, 2019
Sharp Lecture Hall, Arms Building - Caltech

Short Course: Forest Water Dynamics and the Earth System Response to Droughts Introductory Lectures - Open to all interested students, researchers and faculty

Introductory Lectures - Open to all interested students, researchers and faculty
Time
Event
Speaker
8:15 - 8:45

Coffee and Refreshments

8:45 - 9:00

Logistics / Course oduction

Michele Judd and Michael Keller

9:00 - 9:45

Theoretical Basis of Tree Hydraulics

Ashley Matheny

9:45 - 10:30

Linking Hydraulic Stress and Tree Mortality: In-Situ Observations

Patrick Meir
10:30 - 11:00

Break

11:00 - 11:45

How Can We Best Capture Vegetation Water Interactions in Earth System Models?

Pierre Gentine

11:45 - 12:30

Spaceborne Observations of Water in Trees

Alexandra Konings

12:30 - 1:30

Short Course Ends: Informal Lunch is provided outside Sharp Lecture Hall

1:30 - 1:45

Walk to Keck Center, pick up badge and welcome packet, find seat in the Think Tank

Invitation-Only Workshop Begins
Keck Center - Think Tank, Room 155

1:45 - 2:30

Workshop Logistics and Introduction to KISS

Michele Judd

2:30 - 3:00

Participant Introductions

Michele Judd

3:00 - 3:30

Study Vision and Goals

Sassan Saatchi
3:30 - 4:00

Break

4:00 - 5:15

Plenary discussion: Study vision and workshop goals

Team Leads

5:15 - 5:30

Solicitation of lightning talks

Team Leads
5:30 - 6:00 Pack Up and Walk to the Athenaeum All
6:00 Dinner at the Athenaeum

Tuesday, October 15, 2019
Keck Center - Think Tank, Room 155

Time
Event
Speaker
8:00 - 8:30

Institute Opens - FREE THINK TIME

8:30 - 9:00

Coffee and Refreshments at Keck Center

 

9:00 - 9:40

Team leads review first day outcomes, schedule, charge for first breakout

Michele Judd
Team Leads

9:40 - 10:00

Possible lightning talks (2 x 10 min)

TBD by participants
10:00 - 10:30

Break

10:30 - 12:30

Breakout #1: Identifying tractable science questions

3 Groups
12:30 - 2:00 Group Picture and Lunch at the Athenaeum
2:00 - 2:15 Brief discussion, charge to second breakout Team Leads
2:15 - 4:00 Breakout #2: Identifying tractable science questions #2 3 Groups
4:00 - 4:30 Break
4:30 - 5:30 Breakout reports and discussion reviewing science questions All
5:30 - 7:30 POSTER-ish SESSION and Informal food truck dinner at the Keck Center
(dinner starts at 6:30 pm)

Wednesday, October 16, 2019
Keck Center - Think Tank, Room 155

Time
Event
Speaker
8:00 - 8:30

Institute Opens - FREE THINK TIME

8:30 - 9:00

Coffee and Refreshments at Keck Center

 

9:00 - 9:50

Group Pulse - What have you learned so far?

All

9:50 - 10:20

Lightning Talks (3 x 10 min)

TBD
10:20 - 10:30

Charge to second break-out group

Team Leads

10:30 - 11:00

Break

11:00 - 12:30

Breakout # 3: Approaches to questions

3-4 Groups

12:30 - 2:00 Lunch at the Athenaeum
2:00 - 3:00 Breakout reports All
3:00 - 3:30 Group discussion All
3:30 - 4:00 Break, walk over to Gordon Bonan lecture All
4:00 - 5:00 Modeling the Terrestrial Biosphere in the Earth System: Moving Beyond the Incorrect but Useful Paradigm Gordon Bonan
6:00 OPTIONAL: No-Host Dinner in Pasadena (KISS pays for grad students and postdocs)

Thursday, October 17, 2019

Keck Center - Think Tank, Room 155

Time
Event
Speaker
8:00 - 8:30

Institute Opens - FREE THINK TIME

8:30 - 9:00

Coffee and Refreshments at Keck Center

 

9:00 - 9:20

Logistics and Team Lead Goals for the Day

Michele Judd
Team Leads

9:20 - 10:10

Group Discussion: Selecting the most promising question/approach combinations

Speaker
10:10 - 10:30

Lightning talks (2 x 10 min)

TBD by participants

10:30 - 11:00

Break

11:00 - 12:30 Breakout Groups Meet All
12:30 - 2:00

Lunch on your own

2:00 - 2:30

FREE THINK TIME (individual, or self organizing small groups)

All
2:30 - 3:15 Report outs from breakout groups: regroup or continue? Gropus
3:15 - 3:30

Plenary Discussion, reorganization?

All
3:30 - 4:00 Break
4:00 - 5:30 Break Out Sessions Gropus
5:30 Workshop Day #4 Ends All
6:00 Dinner at the Athenaeum (with spouses and significant others)

Friday, October 18, 2019

Keck Center - Think Tank, Room 155

Time
Event
Speaker
8:00 - 8:30

Institute Opens - FREE THINK TIME

8:30 - 9:00

Coffee and Refreshments at Keck Center

 

9:00 - 9:15

Logistics and Team Lead Goals for the Day

Michele Judd
Team Leads

9:15 - 10:00

Breakout Groups Report Out

All
10:00 - 10:30 Open Discussion of Breakout Group Recommendations and Path Forward to the Second Workshop All
10:30 - 11:00

Break

11:00 - 12:15 Open Discussion of Breakout Group Recommendations and Path Forward to the Second Workshop - action items assigned, etc. All
12:15 - 12:30 Workshop Closeout Michele Judd
12:30 Formal Workshop Concludes
12:30 - 5:00 INFORMAL WORKSHOP SMALL GROUP COLLABORATION TIME
5:00 Institute Closes

Workshop Participants:

  • Elizabeth Agee – University of Michigan/ Oak Ridge National Lab
  • William (Bill) Anderegg - University of Utah
  • Mallory Barnes – Indiana University
  • Oliver Binks – The Australian National University
  • A. Anthony Bloom – JPL
  • Gordon Bonan – National Center for Atmospheric Research
  • Kerry Cawse-Nicholson – JPL
  • Bradley Christoffersen - UT Rio Grande Valley
  • Cleiton Eller – University of Exeter
  • Christian Frankenberg – Caltech
  • Pierre Gentine - Columbia University
  • Nataniel (Natan) Holtzman – Stanford University
  • Vincent Humphrey - Caltech
  • Gaby Katul – Duke University
  • Michael Keller – USDA Forest Service
  • Alexandra Konings – Stanford University
  • Yanlan Liu – Stanford University
  • Marcos Longo – JPL
  • Natasha MacBean - Indiana University
  • Jordi Martinez Vilalta - CREAF Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
  • Ashley Matheny - University of Texas at Austin
  • Patrick Meir - Australian National University
  • Maurizio Mencuccini – ICREA / CREAF, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
  • Assaad Mrad – Duke University
  • Kim Novick - Indiana University - Bloomington
  • Rafael Oliveira – University of Campinas
  • Ernesto Rodriguez – JPL
  • Lucy Rowland - University of Exeter
  • Sassan Saatchi – JPL
  • Lawren Sack - UCLA
  • David R. Thompson – JPL
  • Richard Wehr - University of Arizona
  • Xiangtao Xu - Cornell University
  • Pieter Zuidema - Wageningen University

Lodging for out-of-town attendees

There are a number of hotels (3 pages pdf, 148KB) that are close to the Caltech campus where we have a negotiated rate. (Please note that this negotiated rate does not guarantee you the lowest rate as there may be internet specials or AAA rates that may be better.)

Please note that with enough notice, you can reserve rooms for attendees at the Athenaeum, which has been recognized as a Platinum Club of America. Newly refurbished, it is conveniently located on the Caltech Campus. Contact Janet Seid if you would like to check the availability of this option.


Visa Requirements

For Visa requirement information and travel to the United States please visit the website of the U.S. Department of State.


Parking (for Visitors and for JPL Personnel)

For Visitors: From the Arroyo Parkway, turn right (east) on Del Mar Avenue. Proceed approximately one and a quarter miles. The Caltech campus will be on your right. Turn right (south) onto Wilson Avenue. Turn right into the North Wilson Structure and park in an unmarked spot. Buy a parking permit from the kiosk located inside the North Wilson Structure or request one ahead of time from KISS.

For JPL Personnel: JPLers may use their JPL hang tag for parking or request a special parking hangtag from the JPL parking office. Employees who do not have on-Lab parking privileges can obtain a hang tag created for this purpose from JPL parking coordinator Robert Kennedy (818-354-4586, Building 310-108B, 9/80 schedule). Please park in an unmarked spot in the North Wilson Structure located on Wilson Avenue.


Maps and General Information on Pasadena

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