KECK INSTITUTE FOR SPACE STUDIES

       

COVID-19: Identifying Unique Opportunities for Earth System Science

April 14 - December, 2020
KISS Virtual Workshop
California Institute of Technology - Pasadena, CA 91125

Workshop Overview:

The goal of this workshop is to quickly assemble an interdisciplinary team of scientists, researchers and engineers to begin addressing the following questions:

  • How will the response to the COVID-19 impact on the climate system be measured?
  • How will the system recover over the next 1-5 years?
  • What hypotheses can be tested?
  • What measurements can be obtained, leveraged, coordinated to test these hypotheses?
  • What are the unique measurements we need to obtain NOW that cannot be obtained once the Earth system begins to revert to its previous condition? 
  • What are the best methods to extract weather and other variables impacting the system?
  • Can COVID impulse and response conditions to/by the Earth System provide discriminating tests for Earth System Models?
  • What earth science data sets help researchers to establish connections between COVID-19 outcomes and air quality, and to quantify the impact of pandemic mitigation strategies on human health?


COVID-19: Identifying Unique Opportunities for Earth System Science

Day 1: Tuesday, April 14, 2020 from 8:00 AM – 9:00 AM

Welcome and review of what we are trying to achieve – Tom Prince, Caltech
Potential changes we are likely to see:
    • Air quality – Jessica Neu, JPL and Kelley Barsanti, UC Riverside
    • Aerosols, clouds and radiation – Yuk Yung, Caltech
    • Oil and gas emissions – Christian Frankenberg, Caltech
    • Carbon cycle and ecosystems – Dave Schimel, JPL
Session ends

Day 2: Thursday, April 16, 2020 from 8:00 AM – 9:00 AM

Welcome back – review of last meeting, overview of today - Jessica Neu, JPL
What is needed for establishing COVID-19 Health and AQ connections?  – Meredith Franklin, USC
How can we advocate for observational efforts?
    • What is possible near-term from the NCAR/NSF perspective? - Britt Stephens, NCAR
    • What is possible near-term from the NASA perspective? - Barry Lefer, NASA and Ken Jucks, NASA
Solicitation of individuals wanting to pitch collaborative/coordinated research ideas for Day 3
Session ends

Day 3: Monday, April 20, 2020 from 8:00 AM – 9:00 AM

Welcome back – review of last meeting, overview of today - Dave Schimel, JPL
Hypotheses to test

Individuals pitch their ideas to the community:

  • Carbon Cycle Responses - Dave Schimel, JPL
  • Activity data & methane from O&G -  Eric Kort, Univ. Michigan
  • GHG/AQ Data Fusion for COVID-19 Studies in Los Angeles - Stan Sander, JPL
  • Global Air Quality - Kevin Bowman, JPL
  • Knock-on Effects of Reductions of Carbon Emissions from One Sector into Other Sectors - Josh Laughner, Caltech
  • Urban Air Quality - Kelley Barsanti, UC Riverside
  • Urban CO2 emissions: inter-city comparison - Alex Turner, UC Berkeley
  • Urban Heat Island Effect on COVID-19 Transmission Rates - Glynn Hulley, JPL
  • Why did national progress on PM2.5 and ozone stop? - Bart Croes, California Energy Commission
Session ends

Day 4: Tuesday, April 21, 2020 from 8:00 AM – 9:00 AM

Introduction to Breakout Sessions – Michele Judd, Caltech
Breakout Session #1
Session ends

Day 5: Thursday, April 23, 2020 from 8:00 AM – 9:00 AM

Introduction to Breakout Sessions – Michele Judd, Caltech
Cloud-Enabled Science - Chelle Gentemann, Farallon Institute
Breakout Session #2
Session ends

Day 6: Tuesday, April 28, 2020 from 8:00 AM – 9:00 AM

Introduction to Breakout Sessions – Michele Judd, Caltech
Data Prioritization and Access - Josh Laughner, Caltech
Breakout Session #3
Session ends

Day 7: Thursday, April 30, 2020 from 8:00 AM – 9:00 AM

Introduction to Breakout Sessions – Michele Judd, Caltech
Research Plans and Scientific Appraisal of COVID in the Earth System - Dave Schimel, JPL
Breakout Session #4
Session ends

Day 8: Monday, May 4, 2020 from 8:00 AM – 9:00 AM

Welcome – Tom Prince, Caltech

Study context and overview to date – Jessica Neu, JPL

Study team briefings –

    • Archive Ephemeral Data/Identify Hidden Connections – Josh Laughner, Caltech
    • Directly Observing Changes in Oil/Gas Emissions due to COVID-19 – Eric Kort, Univ. Michigan
    • L.A. Air Quality – Kelley Barsanti, UC Riverside
    • COVID-19 Impacts on Urban CO2 Emissions: An Inter-City Comparison – Alex Turner, UC Berkeley
    • Global Air Quality Response to COVID-19 – Kevin Bowman, JPL
    • Emission-Driven Carbon Cycle Anomalies – Dave Schimel, JPL

Path Forward – Paul Wennberg, Caltech

Session ends


Due of the nature of this study, KISS has selected a very restricted number of key individuals to participate. We could not invite everyone we wanted to attend. We expect each key participant to reach out to their various communities to build out and support the collaborations identified in the study.


Workshop Participants:

  • Kelley Barsanti - UC Riverside
  • Kevin Bowman - JPL
  • Dan Crichton – JPL
  • Bart Croes – California Energy Commission
  • John Crounse - Caltech
  • Dan Cusworth – JPL
  • Annmarie Eldering – JPL
  • Christian Frankenberg - Caltech
  • Meredith Franklin - USC
  • Randy Friedl - JPL
  • Chelle Gentemann - Farallon Institute
  • Kevin Gurney - NAU
  • Sina Hasheminassab - South Coast AQMD
  • Kathy Hibbard - NASA
  • Glynn Hulley - JPL
  • Dylan Jones - U of Toronto
  • Ken Jucks – NASA
  • Eric Kort - Univ. of Michigan
  • Johua Laughner - Caltech
  • Barry Lefer – NASA
  • Randall Martin - Washington University
  • Galen McKinley - Columbia
  • Chip Miller - JPL
  • Kazuyuki Miyazaki - JPL
  • Jessica Neu – JPL
  • Lesley Ott - NASA GSFC/GMAO
  • Tom Prince – Keck Institute for Space Studies
  • Chris Ruf – Univ. of Michigan
  • Stan Sander - JPL
  • Dave Schimel - JPL
  • Britt Stephens - NCAR
  • Alex Turner – UC Berkeley
  • Duane Waliser - JPL
  • Yuan Wang – Caltech
  • Paul Wennberg - Caltech
  • Yuk Yung - Caltech

Additional Contributors:

  • Susan Anenberg - George Washington University 
  • Jeremy Avise – ARB
  • Abhishek Chatterjee – NASA GSFC/GMAO
  • Ron Cohen – UC Berkeley
  • Kevin Donkers -  Met Office Informatics Lab (UK)
  • Shane Glass  - Google
  • Joost de Gouw – CIRES
  • Michael Garay – JPL
  • Zac Flamig - Amazon
  • Joe Flasher - Amazon
  • Daven Henze – Univ. of Colorado, Boulder
  • Francesca Hopkins - UCR
  • Cesunica (Sunni) Ivey - UCR
  • Olga Kalashnikova – JPL
  • Emma Knowland – NASA/GSFC
  • Jean-Francois Lamarque – NCAR
  • Junjie Liu – JPL
  • Nicole (Nikki) Lovenduski – Univ. of Colorado, Boulder
  • Pami Mukherjee – South Coast AQMD
  • Muye Ru - Duke University
  • Olga Pikelnaya – South Coast AQMD
  • Ben Poulter – NASA GSFC
  • Natasha Stavros - JPL
  • Colm Sweeney – NOAA
  • Andrew Thorpe - JPL
  • Karin Tuxen-Bettman – Google  
  • Helen Worden - NCAR
  • Yuqiang Zhang  - Duke University